The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Featured

Data Science, AI and Data Philanthropy in Foundations : On the Path to Maturity

February 14, 2024

This research explores the data-related initiatives currently undertaken by a pool of foundations from across Europe. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study that has investigated the level of data work within philanthropic foundations, even though the rise of data and its importance has increasingly been recognised in the non-profit sector. Given that this is an inaugural piece of research, the study takes an exploratory approach, prioritising a comprehensive survey of data practices foundations are currently implementing or exploring. The goal was to obtain a snapshot of the current level of maturity and commitment of foundations regarding data-related matters.

Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector, Civil Society; Science and Technology
Featured

Public-Benefit Foundations in Europe : Comparative Analysis and Aggregate Figures Across 26 Countries

December 1, 2023

This briefing presents an up-to-date picture of the institutional philanthropy landscape in Europe by offering an analysis of the philanthropic sectors in 26 European countries in a study conducted by Philea. It includes data by country as well as total figures for Europe on the number of public-benefit foundations in addition to their assets and annual expenditure. The briefing builds on and updates the information provided by the 2016 Public-Benefit Foundations in Europe Report, published by Donors and Foundations Networks in Europe (Dafne) (now part of Philea) and analysed by Candid (previously known as the Foundation Center).

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector, Civil Society
Featured

Assessing Research for Philanthropic Funding : Innovative Approaches

September 1, 2023

This publication on responsible research assessment aims to explore diverse approaches taken by foundations to enhance the fairness, transparency and effectiveness of evaluating research proposals for funding. The publication delves into three distinct methodologies that challenge traditional assessment methods and offer innovative alternatives: 1. Using artificial intelligence (AI); 2. Adopting narrative curriculum vitae (CVs); and 3. Implementing randomised selection. It provides an overview of general principles of responsible research assessment, key framing documents and recommendations for implementing these principles; and offers examples of the real-world application of these methods by various foundations and organisations.While these approaches demonstrate the innovative potential within research assessment, they are by no means an exhaustive representation of all available tools and methods. Nevertheless, they serve as compelling illustrations of the ongoing efforts to revolutionise evaluation practices and foster a more inclusive and equitable research ecosystem.

Ethical issues and Good Practices; Evaluation and Learning; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Science and Technology; Technology and Foundations
Featured

Philanthropic Taxonomies: The Swiss Case : Practical Insights

July 12, 2023

While there are a variety of different taxonomies used for classifying philanthropic activities in Europe carried out by specific organisations or in specific countries, we believe that there are still significant gaps in understanding the broader philanthropic landscape. Through practical insights, this paper explores the diverse uses and benefits of taxonomies, and highlights how taxonomies contribute to better research, informed decision-making, enhanced collaboration and improved coordination, accountability, and transparency within the philanthropic sector. These insights build on the webinar "Common Taxonomies in European Philanthropy", held on 28 March 2023 as part of the Data on Philanthropy – By us, for us webinar series organised by Philea and ERNOP. To help make all of this concrete, this paper features a brief case study on the successful implementation of a philanthropy taxonomy by SwissFoundations. This case study showcases the key factors that led to its success and presents major findings that have emerged from its use and adoption.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Knowledge and Data Management
Featured

Organisational Development Support : A Rough Guide - Top Eight Learnings

June 30, 2023

Many funders are starting to recognise the value of Organisational Development (OD) support and are looking to peer organisations on how to create OD programmes. In doing this, many grantmaking foundations want to reflect on the experience of other organisations on how they began OD programmes, before starting their own. Simultaneously, funders that already provide OD support are looking at how they can enhance their programmes by wanting to learn from the experiences of others. The Organisational Development (OD) Community of Practice organised its second-ever satellite event before the start of the Philea Forum 2023 in Šibenik, Croatia. This document serves as a knowledge product generated during the session, presenting the top eight learnings shared by participants at the satellite event. Its primary objective is to assist funders in gaining an understanding of key steps involved in developing OD support programmes. 

Ethical issues and Good Practices; Grantmaking and Programme Management
Featured

Data Dive into the Cost-of-Living

November 1, 2022

Just as Europe is moving from emergency mode to recovery from the devastating effects of Covid-19, the continent is now preparing for a new era of discontent brought on by a growing cost-of-living crisis. Inflationary pressure is becoming more persistent and broad-based. Funders are now turning their attention to how to collectively mitigate the impact being felt by communities as well as their employees and grantee partners.Philea provides this data dive into available research and statistics alongside insights from philanthropic actors to inform its members about the scale and disparities of the problem as well as practical steps being taken by funders and their long-term considerations. 

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Socio-economic Development, Poverty
Featured

Future-proofing foundations for a post-Covid-19 world

April 1, 2022

This paper sheds a light on developments and changing practices in institutional philanthropy in Europe since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic and offers insights for making responsible philanthropy the new normal. Leveraging data from a document review as well as various surveys and interviews conducted with the membership of the former European Foundation Centre (now Philea, a convergence of Dafne - Donors and Foundations Networks in Europe - and the EFC), the present analysis delves into what foundations have learned from this period. Organisations may survive in their current state, but they will lose legitimacy and perceived value if they do not adapt. The paper first looks at the challenges perceived by philanthropy professionals and how they respond to these threats, including criticism of philanthropy, and then takes stock of actions that have helped foundations to bounce back from massive disruption. Finally, the paper offers a set of recommendations to reveal opportunities for change and prepare for what's next. 

Ethical issues and Good Practices; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Grantmaking and Programme Management; International Affairs, Global Challenges

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