The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Digital Surveillance, Civil Society and the Media during the Covid-19 Pandemic

October 22, 2021

As the COVID-19 pandemic unfolded, so did many digital technologies promising to improve the public health response. These technologies raised various concerns for civil liberties in the digital age, from infringing on privacy to institutionalizing mass surveillance capacities. This media monitoring projects explores how English-language news organizations worldwide reported on these digital surveillance initiatives over the period of a year. By analyzing news framing, it provides insights into the contours of public debates on digitally driven public health surveillance. The report sheds light on the evolution of coverage over time, its geographic distribution, whose voices were included and excluded from these debates, and the prevalence of mis/dis-information. It also highlights the place of civil society in these narratives; which civil society organizations appeared most often in the media; what roles they played vis-à-vis digital surveillance; and the racial and gender make up of civil society voices appearing in news coverage. It provides a set of recommendations and resources for civil society groups and journalists working on the intersection of civil liberties, public health, and digital technologies.

Health; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy; International Affairs, Global Challenges; Science and Technology

Reflecting on the Past to Transform the Future: Lessons Learned from Grantmaking in Promoting Health Equity and Responding to Crisis

August 1, 2020

Some of the Kellogg Foundation's journey in health programming is illustrated in this Health Legacy essay. Additionally, three key international and national gatherings on the social determinants of health brought together health experts and community-based leaders to share models and lessons across gender, age, cultures, populations, geographies and institutions.These proceedings highlight a growing understanding of the interdependencies that shape community health:Salzburg Seminar: The Social & Economic Determinants of the Public's Health, April 2000Salzburg Seminar: The Social & Economic Determinants of the Public's Health, October 2001Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities: Schools of Public Health Respond as Engaged Institutions, WKKF's 75th Anniversary Seminar on Public Health, April 2005As COVID-19 crossed the globe and led to closed international borders and stay-at-home orders, it has engendered a public health crisis unlike any other in generations. The pandemic highlights what has long been present yet invisible to many. Now the call for action to address health inequities is gaining traction in ever-widening circles. Given our longtime work with communities, experiences in emergency grantmaking and partnership with researchers and advocates to address health and social inequities, we offer the following framework and lessons from our journey.

Health

Amplifying Voices: Decade Edition 2005–2015

January 22, 2020

This is a special edition of Amplifying Voices that includes highlights of the Open Society Initiative for East Africa's work from 2005 to 2015. Amplifying Voices documents different journeys the foundation has traveled with its partners since its launch in 2005 and the collective efforts to realize human rights and freedoms for all.Amplifying Voices pays particular attention to those on the margins of society, including stories of working on the forced sterilization of HIV-positive women or those with mental health illnesses, promoting the rights of sex workers, or addressing the question of human rights and counterterrorism.The Open Society Initiative for East Africa started as a one-program initiative in 2005 in Kenya and today has grown to include eight programs in the region. Geographically, the foundation now works in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, South Sudan, and Sudan. It addresses issues including health and rights, disability rights, and food security.

Disability; Health; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy

Towards an EU Strategic Framework for the Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs)

May 27, 2019

A joint paper by the European Chronic Disease Alliance (ECDA), the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA) and the NCD Alliance calls for the creation of an EU Strategic Framework for the Prevention of NCDs towards 2030.Indeed, with epidemic levels of NCDs undermining people's well-being, healthcare systems, and Europe's economic and social prosperity, they consider that preventing chronic diseases should be a main priority for the European Commission.Therefore, the paper proposes principles, priorities and actions for such an EU strategic framework, setting out a roadmap for policy-makers to make change happen.More information and the summary: https://epha.org/joint-paper-i-towards-an-eu-strategic-framework-for-the-prevention-of-ncds/

Health

Quantifying Kindness, Public Engagement and Place

November 1, 2018

Quantifying kindness, public engagement and place presents findings from the first ever quantitative survey on kindness in communities and public services. The data reveals a reassuring and yet complex picture of kindness in the UK and Ireland, with generally high levels of kindness reported, but at the same time variations in experiences between jurisdictions and across social groups.The research also sheds light on how people describe the place they live in, revealing that two in five people in the UK self-identify as living in a town; and provides insights into people's sense of control over public services, and how they perceive and act upon various methods of public engagement.The data was collected by Ipsos MORI, on behalf of the Carnegie UK Trust; surveys were run with representative random sampling of approximately 1,000 people in each of the five legislative jurisdictions in the UK and Ireland

Health; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy

I'm Still The Same Person : Ten Years' Working Together To Create A Dementia-Friendly Society : Impact Report

May 1, 2018

This impact report illustrates ten years of the King Baudouin Foundation's activities in support of a 'dementia-friendly society', by putting the accent on key messages and a number of projects and initiatives: why they were set up, what was involved, who were the actors concerned and what their impact was.25 experts in Belgium have also been contacted in the framework of this report to discuss what the big challenges are regarding dementia and quality of life. What role can the King Baudouin Foundation and other European foundations (continue to) play?

Ageing; Health

Kinder Communities : The Power of Everyday Relationships

October 1, 2016

There is a body of evidence that consistently shows that positive relationships and kindness are at the very heart of our wellbeing.  In this discussion paper Carnegie Associate Zoe Ferguson starts a process to engage directly with people who want to inject kindness back into their work and communities.  This discussion paper explores the evidence on the impact of everyday relationships and kindness on individual and societal wellbeing, and community empowerment and develops a theory of change.  Over the coming months the project aims to learn with communities and organisations involved in developing practical approaches to encourage kinder communities.

Employment and Labour; Health; Minorities, Social Inclusion, Multiculturalism; Peace and Conflict

An Opportunity to Address Menstrual Health and Gender Equity

May 1, 2016

Menstruation is a monthly challenge for billions of women and girls worldwide. On any given day, more than 800 million girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 are menstruating. Challenges with menstruation go beyond practical management to issues that affect the girl and her role in the community. While more governments, funders, and other actors are now addressing issues related to menstrual health, many existing efforts are disparate and siloed, and the field lacks the research needed to mobilize more organizations to get involved.This report examines the existing research linking menstrual health to broader outcomes around health, social norms, and education; describes the current state of the menstrual health field; and explores opportunities to better support women and girls.  Top TakeawaysThere has been increased momentum from donors, governments, and other private players to address problems related to menstrual health, but the focus to date has largely been on "hardware" (e.g., products and/or facilities). Few governments, corporations, and NGOs are looking at menstrual health as a systemic problem and thus are missing the opportunity to address the problems sustainably and at scale. There have been limited rigorous evaluations of menstrual health programming to understand what works and is replicable at scale.Evidence about the impact of poor menstrual health on other health, development, and empowerment outcomes is scant, not statistically significant, and largely inconclusive suggesting a need to invest in targeted research to mobilize targeted players in the field.Girls' experience with menstruation is inextricably linked to a broader set of changes affecting girls during puberty. The field needs to explore where menstruation can serve as an opportunity to access girls at a critical transition point in her life. With finite resources available to address issues facing adolescents, understanding the links between menstrual health and a broader set of norms can help to identify if there is an opportunity to influence a cross-cutting set of outcomes and set girls on a longer-term path to success.

Gender and Women; Health

Mapping Dementia-Friendly Communities Across Europe

January 1, 2016

'Mapping dementia-friendly communities across Europe' is a study commissioned by EFID and undertaken by the Mental Health Foundation in 2014 and 2015. The research originated from a shared interest, by the foundations engaged in EFID, to conduct an analysis of concepts and practices of what it is commonly referred to as 'dementia-friendly communities' (DFCs) and similar initiatives across Europe. The aim of the report is to provide practical information, guidance and examples to support good practice around sustainable, inclusive and supportive environments for people living with dementia and their carers. The report is accompanied by an online collection of case studies that illustrate the diversity of 'dementia-friendly community' activity in Europe, and the executive summary of the study 'Mapping dementia-friendly communities across Europe' is available in 9 languages: http://www.efid.info

Ageing; Health

Mapping The Global Mental Health Research Funding System

January 1, 2016

This study, carried out by RAND Europe, maps the global funding of mental health research between 2009 and 2014. It builds from the bottom up a picture of who the major funders are, what kinds of research they support and how their strategies relate to one another. It uses the funding acknowledgements on journal papers as a starting point for this. The project also looks to the future, considering some of the areas of focus, challenges and opportunities which may shape the field in the coming few years. The main report is accompanied by a set of 32 'deep dive' case studies of individual research funders, a set of six cross-cutting themes that emerged from the analysis and methodological appendices. The project was supported in Canada by the Graham Boeckh Foundation, Alberta Innovates Health Solutions and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research; in the UK by the National Institute for Health Research, the Wellcome Trust and MQ: Transforming Mental Health Through Research; and in Australia by the Movember Foundation.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Health

Double Pyramid 2016 : A More Sustainable Future Depends on Us

January 1, 2016

The Double Pyramid is the synthesis of the relationship between food and environment which BCFN (Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition) has been analysing, with a multi-disciplinary approach, since 2009. The idea of constructing the environmental pyramid as the upside-down image of the classic food pyramid has succeeded in effectively conveying the message that the most healthy foods are also those that are most consistent with an environmentally sustainable ethic.As is the case every year, the report dedicated to the Double Pyramid aims to combine scientific rigour and dissemination in order to reach the broadest audience possible, made up of people who make important choices everyday, for both themselves and for future generations, in terms of the foods that they eat.The BCFN research group, which has contributed to the creation of this volume, hopes for a collaboration between both public and private entities in order to help build a more just, equal, and sustainable world.

Environment and Sustainable Development; Food and Agriculture; Health

Justice Programs for Public Health: A Good Practice Guide

July 1, 2015

Around the world, human rights violations compromise public health. Sexual violence, unlawful discrimination, land dispossession, police harassment, forced medical interventions, and denial of essential services threaten health and wellbeing. This is especially true for people who are socially marginalized and disempowered -- including sex workers, Roma, people who live with HIV, use drugs, need palliative care, and have intellectual or psychosocial disabilities.Programs that improve these communities' access to justice can play critical roles in deterring such abuses. Since 2007, Open Society has initiated and supported community-based peer paralegals, street-based lawyers, legal services that integrate into health care, and web-based legal advice. And they have engaged traditional community justice structures like chiefs and elders.This Guide unpacks key lessons and challenges that Open Society and their partners have identified through this work. This guide is a comprehensive tool both for justice organizations interested in addressing pressing public health needs, and public health groups that recognize justice is as critical to public health as medicine. It is also a resource for funders of health or justice programs. The guide details and explains the approaches noted above, offers examples of successful activities and actions, and defines the chief health and human rights concerns of six populations that have been our focus -- though its lessons apply broadly.

Health; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy; Minorities, Social Inclusion, Multiculturalism

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