The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Future of Philanthropy: the Key Trends : Meta-analysis of Forecasts

January 1, 2020

This working paper has been prepared at the request of the Center for Philanthropy Development of the Vladimir Potanin Foundation and offers a review of the key trends in global philanthropy development. It features and analyzes opinions of leading international experts and organizations of the philanthropic sector about factors, contexts and principles influencing philanthropy of the future, as well as cause-and-effect links between them. Better understanding of sector-wide and worldwide transformation processes would enable philanthropic organizations to use more informed approach to strategic target setting. The suggested vision of key development vectors in the sector may serve as a basis for further researches and professional discussions.

Ethical issues and Good Practices; Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History; Technology and Foundations; Venture Philanthropy

Innovative Financing for Social Entrepreneurs

October 7, 2019

This report released by Siemens Stiftung shines a spotlight on imperative solutions for social development's biggest hurdle: financing. The report is the result of an international expert round table which took place in Cairo in conjunction with the 2019 empowering people. Award ceremony on July 11. Involved in the round table were social entrepreneurs from around the globe, leading experts from the fields of social finance, development politics, philanthropy, and technologies for development. Based on their fresh perspectives and expertise, promising solutions and ideas came from these discussions, including two recurrent themes having potential to impact social entrepreneurs: partially-automated data generation systems and matchmaking by pooling different sources of capital.

Socio-economic Development, Poverty; Venture Philanthropy

The State of Venture Philanthropy and Social Investment (VP/SI) in Europe: The EVPA Survey 2015/2016

November 3, 2016

Five years of data has allowed us to analyse interesting trends and evolutions in the VP/SI sector. Below we highlight the most striking ones:* Overall growth for the sector, 108 organisations allocated €6.5 billion between them since they began their operations, a 30% increase compared to Fiscal Year (FY) 2013. * Budgets remained stable. * The surveyed organisations invested an average of €7.8 million through VP/SI activities.* There is a sharp rise in co-investment between peers since FY 2013. 63% of respondents have co-invested in the past and 19% said they are interested in doing so, even if they have not co-invested yet. Of the respondents that answered both this and the last survey, the organisations that have co-invested increased from 69% to 80%. * Over FY 2015 a number of smaller players (with budgets under €2.5million) have entered the space. * VP/SI organisations have no shortage in investment opportunities and are improving their deal screening process. Over FY 2015, respondents screened 7,520 potential opportunities. On average, each VPO screened 86 organisations, did further due diligence on 17 of them, and selected 9 investees.  

Finance and Investment; Venture Philanthropy


January 1, 2016

This publication combines the learnings and experiences of practitioners across Europe and the results of several years of EVPA research, giving you access to everything you need to know about setting up and running a VP organisation or social impact investment fund. This Guide is useful for anyone wanting to understand the venture philanthropy approach, and/or start their own venture philanthropy or social impact investment fund.

Venture Philanthropy

Un guide pratique pour la mesure et la gestion de l'impact

June 1, 2015

A five-step toolkit to measure the impact of a social investment made by a Venture Philanthropy project or organisation, and to manage it for more efficiency.For more information:

Evaluation and Learning; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Venture Philanthropy

Learning from Failures in Venture Philanthropy and Social Investment

December 1, 2014

EVPA (European Venture Philanthropy Association) has collected the experiences and lessons from twelve of its member organisations with a view to sharing their learnings from failure with other practitioners. The report looks at strategies and investments that failed and the reasons they did so. Outlining risk mitigation strategies, the report focuses on overcoming risk in the strategy of the venture philanthropy and/or social investment organisation and in the execution of specific investments.

Evaluation and Learning; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Venture Philanthropy

The Inventive Foundation: Creating New Ventures in Europe

May 14, 2014

This report explores the neglected topic of foundations' involvement in the creation of new organisations. In recent years much attention has been paid to venture philanthropy but there has been little focus on foundations as entrepreneurs creating new organisations and institutions.Based on interviews across Europe, the exploratory study tells nine stories of entrepreneurial, or inventive, foundations and their creations. It explores why foundations take the big and bold step of inventing something new, the processes, considerations and challenges along the way.The nine cases are very different in socio-political context, in purposes, and in scale. Despite these differences there are a number of common issues which all inventive foundations need to consider including how to let go while at the same time ensuring the future of their fledgling creation. The report does not tell foundations how to be inventive but rather highlights some of the issues they may wish to consider.

Grantmaking and Programme Management; Venture Philanthropy

Venture Philanthropy In Development: Dynamics, Challenges and Lessons in the Search for Greater Impact

January 1, 2014

This OECD netFWD study looks at the journey, enabling environment, incentives and drivers that led a number of philanthropic organisations to (re)define their operating model associated with the commonly used term of "venture philanthropy" -- a practice based on the use of business principles and applied to philanthropy.

Venture Philanthropy

Innovation in Asian Philanthropy: Entrepreneurial Social Finance in Asia

April 25, 2013

This publication is the second in a series of ACSEP working papers concerned with what is termed 'entrepreneurial social finance' in Asia, which explores how philanthropy is responding to the financial and nonfinancial needs of the region's social entrepreneurs. The term philanthropy is most commonly associated with straightforward grant making, most usually making donations where all capital is lost and no return expected. In modern practice, philanthropy is more sophisticated and diverse than this, wanting to utilise as many tools as possible with the goal of creating sustained social change. Recognising this, philanthropy is defined in this study, as the deployment of financial and human capital for primarily social impact. For this reason, this paper investigates the growing interest in 'impact investing,' which seeks to use non-grant finance to maximise the social and financial outcomes by investing in social businesses. This study employs an essentially qualitative methodology. The researchers conducted 40 face-to-face and telephone interviews in Singapore, India, China, Japan, the Philippines and Thailand between March and November 2012. In-depth interviews were chosen as the central component of the study to gain insight into the personal motivations of lead individuals who had founded or who are managing philanthropy organisations.

Finance and Investment; Venture Philanthropy

A Practical Guide To Measuring and Managing Impact

April 1, 2013

The Practical Guide is a comprehensive resource that distills best practice in impact measurement into five easy-to-understand steps and provides practical tips and recommendations for how to implement impact measurement at the level of the social investor and in the social sector organisations that they support.

Evaluation and Learning; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Venture Philanthropy

Beyond Money: A Study of Funding Plus in the UK

September 1, 2011

This report examines different approaches to funding plus used by UK charitable foundations. In addition, the survey tries to uncover the principal benefits, challenges and risks of these approaches in order to generate practically useful learning about funding plus.In this regard, the research found that the funding plus field comprises a broad range of definitions, purposes and activity. Within this we were able to identify five overarching preconditions for success in funding plus:- strong personal relationships- good knowledge of grantees and the sector in which they operate- grantees that are ready and willing for an engaged relationship with a funder- bespoke rather than standardised or prescriptive approaches- careful and responsible management of power relationships between funder and grantee

Grantmaking and Programme Management; Venture Philanthropy

Establishing a Venture Philanthropy Organisation in Europe

November 1, 2010

This is the second edition of a working paper that was first published in 2008. Its goal is to assist start-up or early-stage Venture Philanthropy organisations (VPOs) in Europe by providing an insight into "what works" in a European context. It provides a definition of VP, an account for its evolution and latest developments, and a practical guide to how to set up and run a VP organisation. The new edition takes into account the enhanced experience of existing VPOs, the emergence of new VPOs or new financing instruments and the changes in the financial and economic climates in Europe and around the globe in the past years.

Venture Philanthropy

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