The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Forgotten by Funders

December 1, 2021

This report highlights the underfunding of work with and for imprisoned and formerly imprisoned women and girls,  alongside a worrying increase in the global female prison population. The report draws from the survey responses of 34 organisations, most of which are based in the Global South and have women with lived experience of the justice system involved with or leading their work. Calling to donors that fund human rights, women's rights and/or access to justice, the report concludes that this heavily gendered area of human rights tends to fall through the cracks of donor strategies, including recent Gender Equality Forum pledges. 

Gender and Women; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy

Learning Through Play: Increasing impact, Reducing inequality

January 1, 2021

What is the potential of children's play to promote equality in outcomes and address learning gaps between children from more advantaged and less advantaged backgrounds? Drawing evidence from early childhood learning programmes across 18 countries, as well as from interviews with the authors of various contributing studies, this report aims to understand whether and how the evidence about play and learning relates to tackling the learning crisis, especially in terms of inequality in learning outcomes around the globe.This report published by the LEGO Foundation shows that play not only helps children learn, it also supports inclusion, and reduces inequality, therefore demonstrating that policymakers and international organisations need to pay close attention to play. Building on their findings, the authors suggest four areas for future investment, innovation and investigation.

Education; Evaluation and Learning; Socio-economic Development, Poverty

Social Aims of Finance: Rediscovering Varieties of Credit in Financial Archives

January 1, 2020

The papers included in this volume are a selection of those presented at a joint eabh and Fondazione 1563 conference in 2018 in Turin, Italy. The conference sought to expand upon research in the field of social responsibility and ethical finance and saw over 150 attendees examine the connections between banking and charity, ethics and profit and explore case studies of financial from across the world.Papers ranged from Italian Monte di Pietà in the Middle Ages to the recent advent of contemporary impact financing, from rural moneylenders in Western India to the mutualism of French agricultural credit, from the Swedish savings banks and the British building societies to the German and Dutch Raiffeisen banks, from Rothschild philanthropy to the public economic and social aspects of the Italian banking system, from the Spanish bank archives to those in Canada and South Africa. Each paper ends with a list of bibliographical references.

Finance and Investment; Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History

The Rationale for Sponsoring Students to Undertake International Study: An Assessment of National Student Mobility Scholarship Programmes

May 1, 2019

This research, driven in partnership by the British Council and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), looks at the reasons why some national governments invest in supporting outward mobility scholarship programmes. The study aims to improve our understanding of why governments sponsor these programmes; how they are designed, administered, and funded; who participates and where they study; and what impact the programmes are having.The report contains detailed case studies of 11 countries and their approaches to national outward mobility scholarship programmes, with comparative case study analysis and recommendations for countries looking to establish or develop outward mobility scholarship programmes.

Education

U.S. Foundations, Urban Design, and International Development since 1945

September 21, 2017

This report focuses on research I conducted at the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC) in March 2017 in support of my current book project, The Urban International: Design and Development from the Marshall Plan to Microfinance. The Urban International is a political, cultural, and intellectual history of the global dissemination of urban design and international development concepts since 1945, with a focus on the role of philanthropic foundations, universities, and international organizations. After World War II, cities around the world were physically transformed by economic concepts and design principles pioneered in the United States and Western Europe. Brasília, Brazil's modernist capital, and Chandigarh, India's first post-independence planned city, are well-known examples of European design concepts transferred to the global South by a transnational class of architects and planners. Most such undertakings, however, were of a more modest scale and often financed by philanthropic and international organizations. By investigating a range of programs sponsored by organizations including the UN, UNESCO, the World Bank, the Ford Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation, The Urban International reconstructs how ideas about the design and management of North Atlantic cities influenced, and were influenced by, development projects in the global South. The study asks how urban planners, architects, consultants, academics, public officials, and grassroots activists circulated ideas about how cities should look, who counted as urban citizens, and who should have access to public space and public resources. Those guiding questions are situated in an examination of the shift from modernization projects to neoliberal development in cities around the world between 1945 and the present. The same people and organizations directed and funded development projects in the global South and urban revitalization projects in North Atlantic cities, and this project aims to demonstrate that their work was one conduit through which neoliberal ideas moved between cities around the world.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; International Affairs, Global Challenges

Global Civic Activism in Flux

March 17, 2017

Civil society around the world is in flux. New forms of civic activism have taken shape, ranging from protest movements to community-level forums and online campaigns by individual activists.This analysis charts how civic activism is evolving across 8 countries: Brazil, Egypt, India, Kenya, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey and Ukraine.These case studies reveal crosscutting themes relevant to the future of civil society support. While there is a global wave of new protests and innovative citizen movements, many civic struggles are increasingly rooted in specific national issues. New and older forms of civic activism coexist and intertwine in a variety of ways. Some new activism is highly political and confrontational; some is very practical and pragmatic about trying to circumvent the shortcomings of mainstream politics. New civic activism includes groups espousing an increasingly wide range of ideological positions. While the new activism has been effective on some specific issues, it is mostly struggling to hold at bay resurgent authoritarian and illiberal government responses.

Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy

Fixing Food : Towards a More Sustainable Food System

October 1, 2016

Fixing Food is an Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) report on food system sustainability globally, spanning agriculture, nutrition, and food loss and waste. It draws on an interview programme with experts from the academic, public and private sectors and is published alongside the Food Sustainability Index (FSI), a quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model, which ranks 25 countries according to their food system sustainability. The project was developed with the Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition (BCFN).

Environment and Sustainable Development; Food and Agriculture; International Affairs, Global Challenges

When We Raise Our Voice: The Challenge of Eradicating Labor Exploitation, An Evaluation of a Community Empowerment Intervention in Uttar Pradesh, India

March 1, 2016

Manav Sansadhan Evam Mahila Vikas Sansthan (MSEMVS) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) that has worked for decades with communities in the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh (UP) to eradicate forced and bonded labor. This report is an independent, evidence-based assessment of MSEMVS's work, produced by the FXB Center, Harvard's only university-wide human rights center, with funding from the Freedom Fund, a philanthropic initiative designed to bring financial resources and strategic focus to the fight against modern slavery. The research project had two primary aims: 1) To determine whether forced and bonded labor had been eradicated in villages where targeted interventions by MSEMVS took place; and 2) To measure the effect that the intervention had on a wide range of social and economic factors relevant to households within those villages.

Employment and Labour; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy

Pushing the Boundaries: Understanding Women's Participation and Empowerment

November 1, 2015

Trócaire undertook three year multi-country research on women's participation within decision making spaces at the grassroots level. 'Empowerment' was defined in the research as the process of pushing against the boundaries to shape new fields of possible action, by increasing the capacity of those with less power to engage with those with more power. The research was undertaken in three countries, Democratic Republic of Congo, India and Nicaragua, implementing governance and gender equality programmes through local partner organisations. It set out to better understand how participation contributes to processes of empowerment and the reduction of oppressive power relations between men and women, as well as citizens and the state. A bibliography is included. More information is available on: http://www.trocaire.org/resources/policyandadvocacy/pushing-boundaries-understanding-womens-participation-and-empowerment

Education; Gender and Women; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy; Socio-economic Development, Poverty

The Case for Community Philanthropy: How the Practice Builds Local Assets, Capacity, and Trust-- and Why It Matters

June 1, 2013

The practice of community philanthropy, has witnessed a growing momentum internationally, as new forms of community solidarity models emerge at the local level. Because of their informal nature, it is difficult for some of these initiatives to grow or survive over time The global movement for community philanthropy offers a number of models for creating and sustaining community foundations which are owned and controlled from the 'bottom up.' Communities identify their own needs and objectives, and then work together to gather the needed resources internally -- whether in cash or in-kind -- to invest in the cause. This publication will shed light on this important practice and how it has contributed to more lasting and impactful results.

Community Philanthropy

Innovation in Asian Philanthropy: Entrepreneurial Social Finance in Asia

April 25, 2013

This publication is the second in a series of ACSEP working papers concerned with what is termed 'entrepreneurial social finance' in Asia, which explores how philanthropy is responding to the financial and nonfinancial needs of the region's social entrepreneurs. The term philanthropy is most commonly associated with straightforward grant making, most usually making donations where all capital is lost and no return expected. In modern practice, philanthropy is more sophisticated and diverse than this, wanting to utilise as many tools as possible with the goal of creating sustained social change. Recognising this, philanthropy is defined in this study, as the deployment of financial and human capital for primarily social impact. For this reason, this paper investigates the growing interest in 'impact investing,' which seeks to use non-grant finance to maximise the social and financial outcomes by investing in social businesses. This study employs an essentially qualitative methodology. The researchers conducted 40 face-to-face and telephone interviews in Singapore, India, China, Japan, the Philippines and Thailand between March and November 2012. In-depth interviews were chosen as the central component of the study to gain insight into the personal motivations of lead individuals who had founded or who are managing philanthropy organisations.

Finance and Investment; Venture Philanthropy

ACCCRN City Projects

August 1, 2012

As of August 2012, the Rockefeller Foundation has approved and funded 23 city projects that build urban climate change resilience (UCCR). These interventions have been initiated in the 10 core ACCCRN cities and have amounted to US $9.4 million, with some additional contributions from local governments and other local partners. Through ACCCRN, new projects in the 10 core cities will continue to be initiated until 2014, further expanding the base of practice. The city projects include both "hard" and "soft" measures, span multiple thematic sectors -- flood/ drainage, disaster risk reduction, water resources, housing and health -- with most projects addressing more than one sector in a single intervention. They also employ a range of approaches e.g. planning, further analysis, direct action, and coordination mechanisms.This catalogue provides a brief overview of ACCCRN city projects across 10 cities.The following project sheets provide basic information about the city project, intended impacts and key beneficiaries.They also highlight the climate change vulnerabilities and urban issues that each project aims to address, as well as how projects contribute to improved urban climate resilience of the city's systems. These aspects are further explained below and are highlighted in each project sheet.

Environment and Sustainable Development

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