The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Tales of Roma Women's Resistance: Roma womens organizing in southeastern Europe

July 5, 2022

This collection of stories explores the diverse realities of Roma women, girls and LGBTQI+ people, as well as the realities of activists who advocate for change on the frontlines in the Southeast Europe region. Building on 19 semi-structured interviews with activists conducted between 2018 and 2022, this research also examines the intersectional nature of the challenges that Roma girls, women and LGBTQI+ youth face in their specific contexts, through the prism of activists who have been tailoring their approaches to address and advocate for these issues.

Gender and Women; Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector, Civil Society; Socio-economic Development, Poverty

Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe: Monitoring 2019

August 1, 2019

Presently, the culture of open discussion seems to be threatened in an increasing number of countries. In Central and Eastern Europe's (CEE's) democracies, recent political developments appear to jeopardize progresses made in the past. Against this background, this study aims at shedding light on the dynamics of CEE'scivil society and gives a brief overview of the status quo and recent developments that directly affect civil society. The study was conducted by the Competence Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship at WU Vienna (Vienna University of Economics and Business), commissioned by and in collaboration with ERSTE foundation as well as with a group of country experts. The inclusion of expert assessments on civil society aims at giving a voice primarily to practitioners. Therefore, the study included an online survey in each participating country, addressing CSO representatives operating in various fields of activity.

Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy; Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector, Civil Society

Bulgaria Giving 2019 : An Overview of Charitable Giving in Bulgaria

April 1, 2019

This Bulgaria Giving 2019 report is one of an international series, produced across the CAF GlobalAlliance, a world-leading network of organisations working at the forefront of philanthropy and civil society.The series also includes reports covering Australia, Brazil, Russia, Canada, India, South Africa, the United States,and the UK.This is the second edition of this unique collection of country reports.

Giving and Volunteering; Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector, Civil Society

Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe: Challenges and Opportunities

March 1, 2017

More than two decades have passed since nonprofit and third-sector researchers "discovered" Central and Eastern Europe as an area of scholarly interest. After the collapse of the communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the fall of the Iron Curtain, scholars noted the emergence of new civil society actors and were curious to understand the role these actors would play in their societies. Since that time, Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has experienced intensive periods of transformation, conflict and renewal. This study is guided by the intention to develop a better understanding of the current state of civil society in Central and Eastern Europe, the diverse pathways of its development, and its possible future trajectories.

Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector, Civil Society

Regional Foundations on the Map : Projects and Lessons Learned

January 1, 2016

In order to share important learnings from projects that have the potential to be replicated by other foundations, the European Foundation Centre (EFC) and its network of Regional Foundations has conducted research on successful initiatives promoted by European foundations that have a geographically defined focus for their activities. The aim of the research is to start sharing practices that may inspire the design of similar initiatives in other regions. The initiatives selected for the study have proved to bring positive results in the context of their implementation and have the potential for being replicated in other contexts. A tool mapping the selected initiatives is also available online:

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis

EUFORI Study: European Foundations for Research and Innovation (Synthesis Report)

July 1, 2015

This report provides a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the contributions that foundations make to support research and innovation in EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland. Over the last 25 years, the role of foundations as supporters of research and innovation in Europe has grown significantly in scope and scale. However, the landscape is fragmented and, till now, largely uncharted. Little is known about the vast majority of such foundations, their activities or even their number, and information about their real impact on research and innovation in Europe was very limited. A team of national experts in the EU 27 (and Norway and Switzerland), led by VU University Amsterdam, has therefore been commissioned by the European Commission to study foundations' contribution to research and innovation in the EU under the name EUFORI. This study helps fill this knowledge gap by analysing foundations' financial contributions, and provides useful insights into the different ways they operate. It also identifies emerging trends and the potential for exploring synergies and collaboration between foundations, research-funding agencies, businesses and research institutes.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Science and Technology

Breaking Down Grant Making Silos: Disability as a Cross-Programme Initiative

April 1, 2015

Increasingly, foundations talk about ways of breaking down silos in their grant making approaches in order to step away from the single-issue focus to improve effectiveness and to achieve long lasting solutions to deep rooted problems. In this framework, the effort of many foundations that are taking action to breaking down those silos by developing joint grants across different priority areas is remarkable. This publication's main aim is to communicate these greatest efforts to provide a source of reflection and inspiration for foundations. Since we are working in a systemic framework, it would be ineffective to address disability without acknowledging its relationships with gender equality, education, employment, ageing, research, cooperation and development.This booklet aims also to demonstrate through a solution-based approach, the broadness of foundational programs in the field of disability that also have a clear focus on social innovation. The best practices showcased show how foundations consider disability a cross-cutting and inclusive issue, integrating it into programs that reach out not only persons with disabilities but connect them with very different fields of civil society. This practical tool can serve as an inspiration for other foundations to act taking into consideration the cross-cutting approach.

Collaborative Philanthropy and Partnerships; Disability; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy; Minorities, Social Inclusion, Multiculturalism

Comparative Highlights of Foundation Laws: The Operating Environment for Foundations in Europe 2015 (Chinese Translation)

January 1, 2015

This publication aims to provide the reader with a comparative overview of the diverse legal and fiscal environments of foundations in 40 countries across wider Europe: the 28 EU Member States, plus Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Russia, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, and Ukraine. It includes charts, draw on the basis of the updated online EFC (European Foundation Centre) Legal and Fiscal Country Profiles, which are available to download at The EFC online profiles include more detailed country information and further explanation of the information presented in those charts. (Edition translated from English to Chinese)

Legislation and Taxation

The Future of Community Foundations. A Transatlantic Perspective

June 1, 2007

The TCFN Academy is a virtual think tank focusing on strategic issues that are relevant to the international community foundation movement. It provides a venue for studying important community foundation issues in a transnational, cross-cultural perspective. The report is a result of the TCFN Academy 2006, held in collaboration with the Stanford Graduate School of Business in Palo Alto, CA. It outlines the dominant themes of the Academy's discussions and includes short analyses of the specific situations in ten countries on both sides of the Atlantic. Key findings will be of interest to a wide audience of practitioners and funders of community-based philanthropy. The report can be downloaded at no cost from the Network's website. The Academy saw the report as a way to begin a broader inquiry. Aside from those described in the U.S., what other major trends or concepts should community foundations outside of the U.S. be anticipating and exploring? Howshould we be planning today to ensure our work is successful in the world we will inherit over the next generation?

Community Philanthropy; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis

Survey of Tax Laws Affecting Non-governmental Organizations in Central and Eastern Europe

December 1, 2003

This report offers a survey of the fiscal regimes governing nonprofit organizations in Central and Eastern Europe, and proposes areas in which reforms would improve the situation to match international good practice. The countries covered are Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Kosovo, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia & Montenegro, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia.

Legislation and Taxation

Out of the Balkan Puzzle: A Capacity Building, Learning Oriented and Development Grants Programme

January 1, 2002

In this publication, the King Baudouin Foundation describes their project aimed at developing opportunities for communication and co-operation between the various ethnic and religious communities in South Eastern Europe. The publication offers a situation update and an overview and analysis of experiences in Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania and Serbia.The projects are aimed at developing opportunities for communication and co-operation between the various ethnic and religious communities.

Grantmaking and Programme Management; Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy; International Affairs, Global Challenges

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