The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Featured

Comparative Highlights of Foundation Laws: The Operating Environment for Foundations in Europe 2021

October 1, 2021

The 2021 "Comparative Highlights of Foundation Laws" provides a broad, comparative overview of the diverse legal and fiscal environments of foundations – across 40 countries – as well as identifies relevant trends and developments.The report looks into how philanthropy in Europe is regulated from a comparative perspective, what legal requirements exist to establish a foundation, whether foundations can pursue only public-benefit or also private purposes, what governance requirements are set out, what forms of tax incentives exist to encourage philanthropic organisations and giving and how this differs across the continent or what impact anti-money laundering and anti-terrorism legislation has on the European philanthropy sector.

Legislation and Taxation
Featured

Environmental Funding by European Foundations: Volume 5

April 1, 2021

This report is the most comprehensive study to date into support for environmental initiatives provided by European philanthropic foundations. It builds on the four earlier editions, increasing the number of foundations and grants being analysed, along with the total value of these grants.This 5th edition features a detailed analysis of the environmental grants of 127 European public-benefit foundations, who provided 5358 grants in 2018, worth a combined total of €745.6 million. These 127 foundations include many of Europe's largest providers of philanthropic grants for environmental initiatives.

Environment and Sustainable Development; Food and Agriculture; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis
Featured

Environmental Funding by European Foundations: Volume 4

March 1, 2019

This report is the most comprehensive study to date into support for environmental initiatives provided by European philanthropic foundations. It builds on the three earlier editions, increasing the number of foundations and grants being analysed, along with the total value of these grants.This 4th edition features a detailed analysis of the environmental grants of 87 European public-benefit foundations, as compared to 75 in the previous edition. These 87 foundations include many of Europe's largest providers of philanthropic grants for environmental initiatives.

Environment and Sustainable Development; Food and Agriculture; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis
Featured

Comparative Highlights of Foundation Laws: The Operating Environment for Foundations in Europe 2015

June 7, 2015

This publication aims to provide the reader with a comparative overview of the diverse legal and fiscal environments of foundations in 40 countries across wider Europe: the 28 EU Member States, plus Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Russia, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, and Ukraine. It includes charts, draw on the basis of the updated online EFC (European Foundation Centre) Legal and Fiscal Country Profiles, which are available to download at www.efc.be. The EFC online profiles include more detailed country information and further explanation of the information presented in those charts.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Legislation and Taxation

More than the Sum of its Parts: Insights on the Future of European Philanthropy and Social Investment Infrastructure

March 1, 2019

This study is based on an extensive literature review and more than 50 interviews with a broad specturm of foundation leaders, academic experts, EU officials, and staff of ESPII organizations. The results are like a health check up of our sector. They show that not everything is perfect in this system, a system that many of us have helped to shape over the last 25 years. We should make sure that the health indicators of the European Philanthropy and Social Investment Infrastructure are in good shape for the next 25 years. We need this infrastructure to represent our sector, to drive innovations and to increase in the impact of our work. The latter is very much connected to tackling some of the most pressing issues of our time.

Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History

The Theory of the Foundation European Initiative

January 23, 2017

The purpose of the Theory of the Foundation European Initiative was to contribute key insights into European foundations; and to look beyond the direct charitable activities or grant-making of European foundations and instead to explore and understand how foundations operate as organisations in their pursuit of mission and social impact. This we term a "whole foundation approach".Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors (RPA) established a framework to stimulate discussion around the organisational form of philanthropy called "The Theory of the Foundation."1 Inspired by Peter Drucker's "Theory of the Business,"2 RPA's approach to framing philanthropic practice is detailed in Figure 1 and contains three core domains: Charter, Social Compact, and Operating Capabilities.

Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History

Environmental Funding by European Foundations: Volume 3

September 29, 2016

This publication is the third volume published by the European Environmental Funders Group (EEFG), a Thematic Network of the EFC (European Foundation Centre). The report features a detailed analysis of the environmental grants of 75 European public-benefit foundations, as compared to 62 in the previous edition. These 75 foundations include many of Europe's largest providers of philanthropic grants for environmental initiatives, although there are undoubtedly additional foundations that could be included in a report of this kind. It should be noted that only foundations that have a defined environmental programme or mission were contacted for this project. The report focuses on the 2014 calendar year as this is the latest year for which comprehensive grants data could be obtained for all 75 foundations. Statistical data are included.

Environment and Sustainable Development; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis

Foundations in Germany : Summary and Policy Recommendations

May 16, 2016

This study intends to complete the current understanding of the role, positioning and contributions of foundations in Germany. It is a joint project of the Hertie School of Gover-nance and the Centre for Social Investment of the University of Heidelberg, led by Helmut K. Anheier. It investigates the following questions: What are the objectives of foundations, and what roles do they see for themselves? How do they position themselves with regard to the state, market and civil society? What are their comparative advantages and disadvantages, and how do they benefit society? Finally, what are the implications for foundations and policymakers? In answering these questions, the project collected and analyzed a range of quantitative (survey research, available statistics) and qualitative data (expert interviews, case studies, focus groups), and did so for foundations as a whole as well as in specific activity fields: education, higher education, social services and arts and culture.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis

Comparative Highlights of Foundation Laws: The Operating Environment for Foundations in Europe 2015 (Chinese Translation)

January 1, 2015

This publication aims to provide the reader with a comparative overview of the diverse legal and fiscal environments of foundations in 40 countries across wider Europe: the 28 EU Member States, plus Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Russia, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, and Ukraine. It includes charts, draw on the basis of the updated online EFC (European Foundation Centre) Legal and Fiscal Country Profiles, which are available to download at www.efc.be. The EFC online profiles include more detailed country information and further explanation of the information presented in those charts. (Edition translated from English to Chinese)

Legislation and Taxation

Environmental Funding by European Foundations

November 1, 2013

This publication is the second volume published by the European Environmental Funders Group (EEFG), a Thematic Network of the EFC. The report features a detailed analysis of the environmental grants of 62 European public benefit foundations, as compared to 27 in the previous edition. These 62 foundations include many of Europe's largest providers of philanthropic grants for environmental initiatives, although there are undoubtedly additional foundations that could be included in a report of this kind. It should be noted that only foundations that have a defined environmental programme or mission were contacted for this project. The report focuses on the 2011 calendar year as this is the latest year for which comprehensive grants data could be obtained for all 62 foundations.

Environment and Sustainable Development; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis

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