The Philea Virtual Library

The Philea Virtual Library includes over 1,000 free-to-download publications from a range of organisations and publishers on the topics of philanthropy, the management of foundations and the areas they are involved in and support. As a Philea member you can send us your publications for inclusion in the library which will also be added to the global IssueLab network where they will be made available to an extended audience, including users of Worldcat, the global catalogue used by tens of thousands of libraries. For questions or assistance, please contact the Philea Virtual Library.
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Assessing Research for Philanthropic Funding : Innovative Approaches

September 1, 2023

This publication on responsible research assessment aims to explore diverse approaches taken by foundations to enhance the fairness, transparency and effectiveness of evaluating research proposals for funding. The publication delves into three distinct methodologies that challenge traditional assessment methods and offer innovative alternatives: 1. Using artificial intelligence (AI); 2. Adopting narrative curriculum vitae (CVs); and 3. Implementing randomised selection. It provides an overview of general principles of responsible research assessment, key framing documents and recommendations for implementing these principles; and offers examples of the real-world application of these methods by various foundations and organisations.While these approaches demonstrate the innovative potential within research assessment, they are by no means an exhaustive representation of all available tools and methods. Nevertheless, they serve as compelling illustrations of the ongoing efforts to revolutionise evaluation practices and foster a more inclusive and equitable research ecosystem.

Ethical issues and Good Practices; Evaluation and Learning; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Science and Technology; Technology and Foundations

The State of Research on Philanthropy in Europe in 2022 : Paper prepared for the International Philanthropy Research Conference 22 and 23 September, Turin, IT

September 22, 2022

A conference paper by Rene Bekkers, which provides an agenda for research on philanthropy in Europe; describes areas of interest to members of the European Research Network on Philanthropy (ERNOP); and offers opportunities for collaboration between academics and philanthropy practice. A list of bibliographical references is included.

Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History; Science and Technology

Insights into European Research Funder Open Policies and Practices

September 30, 2019

This report summarises the results of a survey of European research funders on Open Access (OA) and Research Data (RD) policies, commissioned by SPARC Europe, in consultation with representatives from the following organisations: ALLEA, the European Foundation Centre and Science Europe and a wider advisory group.Launched in the spring of 2019, the survey, which targeted about 400 funders, garnered just over 60 responses from 29 countries. The cohort includes important national funding agencies (almost 50%), pan-European funders, national and regional academies, foundations and philanthropic organisations and research charities. 

Ethical issues and Good Practices; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Science and Technology

EFC Research Forum Conference Report : Thinking Beyond National Borders - Research and Funding Across Boundaries

March 1, 2019

"Thinking beyond national borders – Research and funding across boundaries" highlights some of the key takeaways from the 2018 EFC Research Forum conference, hosted by the VolkswagenStiftung in Hanover, Germany. The event looked at how philanthropic organisations can overcome such boundaries and what they have to gain in doing so. The conference explored the following questions through workshops, panel discussions and keynote addresses: In what ways is international collaboration in research important? What can we learn from philanthropic organisations that have long experience of international grantmaking? What is the future of science policy in Europe, what institutional tools are needed, and how can science diplomacy help us? This report covers the main themes arising from the conference from the perspectives of researchers, funders and institutions.

Collaborative Philanthropy and Partnerships; Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; International Affairs, Global Challenges; Science and Technology

Gender Balance Initiatives in Research Funding : Barriers and Possible Measures to Increase the Share of Women within Natural Science and Technology

January 1, 2019

The objective of this research memorandum is to identify and describe what constitutes the significant barriers against achieving a better gender balance at Danish universities, in particular within natural sciences and technology.The memorandum also addresses the question of the possible role of research funding institutions in relation to gender imbalances in academia, and in particular which actions and measures have been put in place in order to prevent women from remaining disproportionately underrepresented.Based on desk research, this research memorandum presents in total six promising practices and short summaries of existing experiences regarding what works in addressing the gender gap in research funding. While the identified gender balancing initiatives and measures stem from numerous national contexts, each of them are characterised by focusing mainly on one specific part of the grant allocation process – whether it be early in the process, where measures such as certification of applicants and/or earmarked funds are a possibility, or while applicants and projects are being assessed, or in the post-award phase, where measures to ensure public accountability for funding schemes and counteracting the motherhood penalty are distinct possibilities. Following the presentation of the promising practices below is a number of clear and concise recommendations on possible actions to be taken.

Gender and Women; Grantmaking and Programme Management; Science and Technology

EFC Research Forum Conference Report : Change-makers Enabling High-impact Research

September 1, 2017

"Change-makers – enabling high-impact research" highlights some of the key takeaways from the 2016 Research Forum conference, hosted by the Wellcome Trust in London. These include contributions from Peter Piot, the Director of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, on learning lessons from epidemics; Ulrike Felt, Professor of Science and Technology Studies at the University of Vienna, on striking a balance between curiosity-driven research and research that has a clear impact on the public; as well as diverse case-studies from other foundations.

Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History; Science and Technology

EUFORI Study: European Foundations for Research and Innovation (Synthesis Report)

July 1, 2015

This report provides a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the contributions that foundations make to support research and innovation in EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland. Over the last 25 years, the role of foundations as supporters of research and innovation in Europe has grown significantly in scope and scale. However, the landscape is fragmented and, till now, largely uncharted. Little is known about the vast majority of such foundations, their activities or even their number, and information about their real impact on research and innovation in Europe was very limited. A team of national experts in the EU 27 (and Norway and Switzerland), led by VU University Amsterdam, has therefore been commissioned by the European Commission to study foundations' contribution to research and innovation in the EU under the name EUFORI. This study helps fill this knowledge gap by analysing foundations' financial contributions, and provides useful insights into the different ways they operate. It also identifies emerging trends and the potential for exploring synergies and collaboration between foundations, research-funding agencies, businesses and research institutes.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Science and Technology

Towards a New Concept of Excellence in Research? Report of a Stakeholders' Conference Organised by the European Foundation Centre Research Forum 13-14 October 2014, Warsaw, Poland

February 1, 2015

This report summarises a two-day discussion about research excellence from a conference in Warsaw organised by the European Foundation Centre and hosted by the Foundation for Polish Science. It is not a blow-by-blow account. Rather, it seeks to draw out the main strands of discussion, which as noted herein did not always follow strict agenda items. The rapporteur, Peter Wrobel from Science|Business Publishing, takes full responsibility for this work.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Science and Technology

The Role of Philanthropy in the Promotion of Responsible Research and Innovation : Report of the Participatory Workshop Held on 21-22 October 2013

January 1, 2014

Responsible research and innovation (RRI) represents a step forward in the debate on science in society. RRI encompasses all stages of research and innovation (R&I). To that end, RRI supports collaboration between all stakeholders and integrates societal issues in order to improve the excellence of R&I, a goal that perfectly matches the philanthropy's social legitimisation as well as the European Commission. The workshop showed how mutual understanding and collaboration might lead to success. Its main outcome is maybe the common will of the EC, foundations and other philanthropic organisations to go further in the development of RRI in Europe

Collaborative Philanthropy and Partnerships; Philanthropy, Theory, Philosophy and History; Science and Technology

Nurturing Talent: The Role of European Foundations in Building Human Capacity in Research

December 8, 2010

Report of the 2010 Stakeholders' conference organised in December 2010 in Stuttgart (Germany), hosted by the Robert Bosch Stiftung, by the steering group of the EFC (European Foundation Centre) Research Forum.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Science and Technology

Understanding European Research Foundations : Findings from the FOREMAP Project

January 1, 2009

This report outlines the results of the initial FOREMAP mapping, with details on volumes of funding, scientific fields of focus, perceived roles, etc. Drawing on discussions held within the European Forum on Philanthropy and Research Funding, the report also provides a general overview of some of the key characteristics of research foundations in Europe. Also featured are essays on the challenges of mapping foundations in general and more specifically in the field of R&D, and on understanding the current and future role that foundations can play in supporting research in Europe. The main objective of this report is to increase understanding and awareness among research stakeholders of foundations and their role in supporting research. As such the report is mainly directed at foundation executives, civil servants involved in research policy, researchers, research managers, university presidents, and anyone with a stake in European research, including those individuals and corporations considering setting up their own foundations.

Foundation Sector, History and Analysis; Science and Technology

Monitoring Financial Flows For Health Research

October 1, 2001

This study aims to provide decisionmakers with an overview of currently available information on resource flows into health research. In this rapidly changing environment of funding flows into health research, it is critical to have access to information and to analyse it on an ongoing basis. The main feature of the study is less to provide an overall figure than to describe the process for arriving at these estimates as a basis for further improvements, and to indicate what to expect from the various data sources and research approaches. In addition, this study presents information on health research funding by developing countries not previously available.

Health; Science and Technology

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